BOGOR is a city located less than 60km south of Jakarta, it is a municipality ruled by a mayor. Bogor city is surrounded by areas belonging to Bogor regency ruled by a regent. When you travel from Jakarta to Bogor city then you will pass through the areas belonging to Bogor regency before you reach the city. Following are distances from different areas in Jakarta to Bogor city according to Jaraktempuh.com :
|Cawang UKI(in North Jakarta) via Jagorawi toll road||Bogor city||46.7km|
|Cawang UKI(in North Jakarta) via Cimanggis > Cibinong||Bogor city||43.7km|
|Lebak Bulus (in South Jakarta) via Parung||Bogor city||43.4km|
DEPOK - If you draw a straight line on the map between Central Jakarta and Bogor then you will come across Depok in between the two cities. Yes, Depok is bordered with Jakarta on the north, Bogor regency on the south and east, Bogor regency and Tangerang on the west.
Depok is home for Universitas Indonesia’s second campus. While it’s first campus is located on Jl. Salemba Raya in Central Jakarta, this second campus in Depok is the biggest and is claimed as a green campus which covers 320 hectares of land area but only 25 percent of such a large area is used for academic, research and student activities. The rest is maintained for ecology conservation.
TANGERANG KOTA is a city in Banten Province and located only 15km west of Kalideres (the westernmost subdistrict of Jakarta capital city). Tangerang kota, along with Tangerang selatan (South Tangerang city), and Tangerang regency play an important role in the development of the Greater Jakarta's economic growth.
TANGERANG REGENCY - according to May 2015 data from Tangerang Regency's Central Agency on Statistics, there were 695 large and medium scale industrial establishments in the region.
TANGERANG SELATAN - number of corporations registered in Tangerang Selatan as of end of 2014, based on data from Tangerang Selatan’s Central Agency on Statistics, was 892 companies but no classification on small, medium, and large enterprises.
TANGERANG KOTA – number of large and medium scale industrial companies registered in Tangerang Kota in 2016 according to Tangerang Kota’s Central Agency on Statistics, was 638 establishments.
Beside being a preferred area for investors to build their manufacturing base, Tangerang is also home to Soekarno Hatta International Airport. And some big residential and commercial areas are also developed there by real estate giants like Lippo Karawaci, Bumi Serpong Damai, and Alam Sutera.
BEKASI CITY is only 7km far from Terminal Bus Terpadu Pulogebang (Pulogebang Integrated Bus Station). Pulogebang is name of an administrative village in Cakung subdistrict in East Jakarta.
Being a densely populated city with the population of 2,733,240 inhabitants as of end of year 2015, Bekasi city’s populations is projected to keep increasing rapidly in line with rapid infrastructure and industrial development in the city and in the areas surrounding it.
BEKASI REGENCY – one of the most well known areas belonging to Bekasi Regency is Cikarang. The easiest way to get to these areas is via Jakarta – Cikampek toll road . Otherwise you have the alternative of getting there via Cempaka Mas Interchange - Pulogadung – Jalan Bekasi Raya – Cakung – Pulo Gebang – Ujung Menteng – Harapan Indah – Jl Sultan Agung – Bekasi city - Metropolitan Mall – Jl. Raya Kalimalang – Tambun – Cibitung – Sukadanau - Cikarang.
What makes Cikarang in Bekasi Regency so special? Changing the face of Cikarang started in the era of President Soeharto’s government in 1980’s when his government decided Cikarang to be an industrial center in eastern Jakarta. Then some very first industrial estates such as Jababeka and MM 2100 began to be developed in the areas. According to tempo.co, about 3,000 factories are operating in industrial estates in Cikarang.
Following are names of existing large industrial estates in Cikarang and the list will add as new industrial estates will shortly be developed in the areas.
Tremendous growth in industry means job opportunity and obviously induces people from other regions to work, study and stay. Need for residential housing shoots up and real estate developers compete with each other to satisfy the ever growing market.
Among the most phenomenal giant project for residential and industry being developed in Cikarang area is the project by Lippo Group named "Meikarta".
Back to the topic of "Jabodetabek" as a megacity, it faces a lot of problems. Among the long lasting problems which require fast and integrated mitigation are traffic congestion and seasonal floods.
Those living in the peripheral areas but working or studying in Jakarta are used to spending long traffic time in the morning and in the evening going to and back from Jakarta due to extreme traffic congestion during every work day.
In an effort to give a long term solution to traffic congestion problem, President Joko Widodo’s government is speeding up mass transportation infrastructure development between Jakarta and the peripheral areas. These include Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), Light Rail Transit (LRT), as well as improving current services of "Jabodetabek Commuter Rail" to have double-track on all routes. Rail transport is proven an effective way of mitigating traffic congestion in many big metropolis in other parts of the worlds.
Flood problem – There are certain parts of Jakarta which almost always suffer flood every time rainy season comes. The thirteen rivers passing through the special capital region were often blamed to become cause of severe flooding in certain parts of Jakarta.
It is widely known that returning rivers passing through the special capital region of Jakarta to their function is never easy due to the sprawling illegal settlements on many parts of the main riverbanks. Local governments efforts to evict people living along the riverbanks and resettle them to the government owned low rent apartments normally face rejection from the illegal squatters who have been living there for decades. This is the main reason that the river normalization programs to widen the many rivers passing through the special capital region yet proven unsuccessful.
Many believe that, apart from solving illegal settlements along many parts of the riverbanks, sustainable solution to the problem can never be achieved unless other wrong practices conducted by the stakeholders involved are corrected.
Massive deforestation and overbuilding in the river upstream areas and using rivers as garbage disposal by irresponsible individuals are common happenings especially in areas around the illegal settlements occupying riverbanks. Then how can the water flow freely to the sea when rivers and other waterways such as drainage system are clogged with garbage?
Participation from all the stakeholders are among the key to solving flood problem not only in Jakarta but also in the peripheral areas surrounding Jakarta as population will continue to increase rapidly. Let us stop wrong habits endangering ourselves and our environment, and begin to conserve our land.